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 Whapmagoostui

Cree Nation of Whapmagoostui

Pronunciation

Waup-mag-stoo-ee or Waup-ma-GOO-stoo-ee

Population

720

Location

Mouth of the Great Whale River

Other Names

Great Whale

Poste de la Baleine

Bay de la Poste

The name means "place of the beluga." It is the northernmost Cree community in Quebec and the last remaining Cree community without road access. This Cree community shares the same location as the Inuit community of Kuujjuaraapik. It was founded around a Hudson's Bay Company post. The community later became the site of a military airport, now abandoned.  Traditional family hunting territories extended up the Great Whale, Little Whale and Nastapoka watersheds. The last Cree community without road access. More.

 Kuujjuaraapik

Inuit Community in Nunavik Homeland

Pronunciation

Koo-joo-ar-a-pik

Population

579

Location

Mouth of the Great Whale River

Other Names

Great Whale, Great Whale River, Poste de la Baleine, Baie de la Poste

It is the southernmost Inuit community in Quebec and part of the Inuit alliance of Quebec that calls its northern homeland Nunavik, Quebec north of the 55th parallel. This Inuit community shares the same location as the Cree community of Whapmagoostui. Traditional hunting territories did not extend far inland from the Bay.

Photo: Cree walking out ceremony, Whapmagoostui

Left, Cree walking out ceremony  with mother and son at Whapmagoostui.

 

 

 

 

Right, Billy Weetaltuk in the

Great Whale Canoe

Factory.

 

 

Photos: Brian Back

Photo: Inuit Billy Weetaltuk in the Great Whale Canoe Factory

 

 Umiujaq

Inuit Community in Nunavik Homeland

Pronunciation

Oo-me-oo-yak or Oo-mer-ak

Population

315

Location

Peninsula between Richmond Gulf and Hudson Bay

Other Names

None

Founded in 1986 by former residents of Kuujjuaraapik, Umiujaq is part of the Inuit alliance of Quebec that calls its homeland Nunavik. The 1975 James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement (co-signed with the Cree, Quebec, Hydro Quebec and Canada) gave the Kuujjuaraapik Inuit the right to a community at Richmond Gulf. Not until a 1983 vote was a decision made to build it. Umiujaq is located at the very northern limit of Cree travel.

Sources: Grand Council of the Crees, National Atlas of Canada, Kiluutaq Primary School (Umiujaq) Web site , Hudson's Bay Company Archives, Canadian Geographic, James Bay and Northern Quebec Agreement, Cree Cultural Institute

Photo: boys at Umiujaq Three Inuit boys on the shore of Hudson Bay among the winter fishing huts at Umiujaq.

 

Photo: Reed Ryan

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